Barrio Simón Bolívar
The neighborhood known today as Simón Bolívar was built in the mid 1950s in the port city of Barranquilla, along the Caribbean coast of Colombia. The project resulted in part from an extensive campaign of investment led by President Rojas Pinilla. The existing ‘Las Nieves’ airport was relocated to the periphery of the city, making space for a new housing area that would accommodate thousands of working-class families. As part of this effort, a trade deal was signed in 1955 that required 2,700 wooden houses from Finland in exchange for $3 million of Colombian coffee. The deal was facilitated through a strategic reduction of tariffs on both products implemented by each national government, and it quickly made Colombia the most important export destination for Finnish wooden houses in Latin America.